eLibrary: Deep-Sea Ecology. Version 1.0 (August 2021)

The purpose of this eLibrary is to introduce scientific research and debate on a range of themes concerning the threat to deep-sea ecosystems. The list is not intended to be exhaustive. For readers new to the field, we recommend reading the Abstract and Conclusion first, before deciding whether to invest further in a specific piece. All the pieces are free-online. However, some items have been republished in Academia Edu [AE] and Research Gate [RG]. These can be accessed simply by registering at each (once only).

Beaulieu, S.E., Graedel, T.E. and Hannington, M.D. (2017) ‘Should we mine the deep-sea floor?Earth’s Future, [RG]

Blue Marine Foundation (2020) In Clear Sight. Shining Light in the Opaque Deep-sea Mining Industry

Blue Mining (2018) Public Report. Blue Mining Breakthrough Solutions for Mineral Extraction and Processing in Extreme Environments,

Casson, L. e.a. (2020) DEEP TROUBLE The murky world of the deep sea mining industry. GreenPeace

Christiansen, S., Jaeckel, A. and Houghton, K. (2019) Ecological safeguards for deep seabed mining Final report. German Environment Agency

Cuyvers, L. e.a. (2018) Deep seabed mining A rising environmental challenge, IUCN

Danovaro, R., Snelgrove, P.V.R. and Tyler, P. (2014) ‘Challenging the paradigm of deep-sea ecology’ Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29, 8, 465-475 [RG]

Hallgren, A. and Hansson, A. (2021) ‘Conflicting Narratives of Deep Sea MiningSustainability, 13

Howard P. e.a. (2020) An assessment of the risks and impacts of seabed mining on marine ecosystems, Flora and Fauna International

Koschinsky, A. e.a. (2018) ‘Deep-sea Mining: Interdisciplinary Research on Potential Environmental, Legal, Economic, and Societal Implications’, Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 1-20. [RG]

Levin, L.A., Amon, D.J. and Lily, H. (2020) ‘Challenges to the sustainability of deep-seabed mining’ Nature Sustainability,

Miller, K.A. e.a. (2018) ‘An Overview of Seabed Mining Including the Current State of Development, Environmental Impacts, and Knowledge GapsFrontiers in Marine Science, 4, 418

Niner, H.J. e.a. (2018) ‘Deep-Sea Mining With No Net Loss of Biodiversity—An Impossible AimFrontiers in Marine Science, 5,

Oceanea (2005) Deep Sea Life. On the edge of the Abyss.

Rozemeijer, M.J.C. e.a. ‘Seabed Mining’ BOOK 74-131

Seas at Risk (2021). At a crossroads: Europe’s role in deep-sea mining. Brussels: Seas at Risk

Sharma, R. (2015) Environmental Issues with Deep-sea Mining’ Science Direct, 11, 204-211.

Sharma, R. and Smith, S. (2019) ‘Deep-Sea Mining and the Environment: An Introduction’ in BOOK Environmental Issues of Deep-Sea Mining [RG]

Svatikova, K. e.a. (2015) Deep Sea Mining: Hitting the Bottom or Taking-Off?, The Hague

Thompson, K.F. e.a. (2018) ‘Seabed Mining and Approaches to Governance of the Deep SeabedFrontiers in Marine Science

Thurber, A.R. e.a. (2014) ‘Ecosystem function and services provided by the deep sea’, Biogeosciences, 11, 14, 3941-3963.

UNEP (2006). Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Deep Waters and High Seas. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 178

World Economic Forum (2020) Deep-Sea Minerals: What Manufacturers and Markets Need to Know WEF Briefing Paper.

World Wildlife Fund (2020) An Investigation into Deep Seabed Mining and Minerals, WWF