eLibrary One Belt, One Road (OBOR) / Belt & Road Initiative (BRI) Version 2 (November 2021)

The purpose of this eLibrary is to introduce the some of the the discussions on the environmental impact of China’s One Belt, One Road (一带一路, also known as the Belt and Road Initiative) which is a huge China-led international infrastructure initiative launched in 2013. The list is not intended to be exhaustive. All the pieces are free-online. However, some items have been republished in Academia Edu [AE] and Research Gate [RG]. These can be accessed simply by registering at each (once only). There is much more on the background to this project at our site https://www.newsilkroads.info 

Ascensão, F., e.a. (2018) ‘Environmental challenges for the Belt and Road Initiative’, Nature Sustainability, 1, 204-208

Benintendi, R., e.a. (2020) ‘Energy, environment and sustainable development of the belt and road initiative: The Chinese scenario and Western contributionsSustainable Futures, 2.

BRIIGDC (2020) Key Biodiversity Areas and Impact Assessment in BRI-covered Area

Cai, X e.a. (2018) ‘Will developing countries become pollution havens for developed countries? An empirical investigation in the Belt and Road’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 198, 624-632.

Carey, L. (2019) Chinese Multilateralism and the Promise of a Green Belt and Road, CSIS Brief, 5.11.2019

CCICED (2018) Special Policy Study on Green Belt and Road and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

China State Council (2020) Responding to Climate Change

China State Council (2020) Biodiversity Conservation in China

China CPC Central Committee and State Council (2017) Guidance on Promoting Green Belt and Road

Cheng, C. and Ge, C. (2020) ‘Green development assessment for countries along the belt and road’, Journal of Environmental Management, 263.

Cheremeteff, F.C., e.a. (2021) ‘The Belt And Road Initiative (Bri) In North Eurasia: Changing Geographies and the Unece Multilateral Environmental Agreements’, Geography, Environment, Sustainability, 14, 3, 94-109.

Chernysheva, N.A., e.a. (2019) ‘Green energy for belt and road initiative : economic aspects today and in the future’, International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 9, 5, 178-185

Coenen, J., e.a. (2021) ‘Environmental Governance of China’s Belt and Road Initiative’, Environmental Policy and Governance, 31, 1, 3-17. [RG]

Cui, C., e.a (2019) ‘CO2 emissions and their spatial patterns of Xinjiang cities in China’, Applied Energy, 252

Cuiyun, C. and Chazhong, G. (2020) ‘Green development assessment for countries along the belt and road’, Journal of Environmental Management, 263

DeBoom, M. (2020) ‘Sovereignty and Climate Necropolitics: The Tragedy of the State System Goes ‘Green.’ in AEG Jones,e.a. (eds) Changing Geographies of the State: New Spaces of Geopolitics, 276-287 [RG]

Durani, M.Q. and Khan, M.B. (2018) ‘The Environmental Impact of The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): A Case Study’, Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences, 11, 1.

Elkind, J. (2019) Toward a Real Green Belt and Road (14pp) 

Eyler, B. (2019) ‘Can solar diplomacy green the Belt and Road?’, China Dialogue, 24.1.2019 

Fan, J.L., e.a. (2019) ‘Determinants of carbon emissions in ‘Belt and Road initiative’countries: a production technology perspective’, Applied Energy, 239, 268–279

Fan, P-F., e.a. (2020) ‘Build up conservation research capacity in China for biodiversity governance’, Nature, Ecology and Evolution, 4, 1162-1167

Foggin, M. (2018) Conservation Geopolitics: Envisioning the future of the ‘Belt & Road Initiative’ in the Mountains of Central Asia, MSRI Brief

Foggin, M, e.a. (2021) ‘Belt and Road Initiative in Central Asia: Anticipating socioecological challenges from large-scale infrastructure in a global biodiversity hotspot’, Conservation Letters

Geo, H, e.a. (2018) ’Progress of Earth Observation in China’, Chinese Journal of Space Science, 28, 5, 797-809.

Gong, C. (2019) ‘Research on the Coupling of Industrial Structure and Environment between China and the “Belt and Road” Countries’ International Journal of Frontiers in Sociology, 1, 1, 89-98

Gu, A. and Zhou, X-Y. (2020) ‘Emission reduction effects of the green energy investment projects of China in belt and road initiative countries’, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 6,1.

Haider, J., e.a. (2021) ‘Economic and environmental impacts of alternative routing scenarios in the context of China’s belt and road initiative’, Maritime Transport Research, 2.

Han, M., e.a. (2020) ‘Carbon inequality and economic development across the Belt and Road regions’, Journal of Environmental Management

Han, M., e.a. (2018) ‘Tracking embodied carbon flows in the Belt and Road regions’, Journal of Geographical Sciences, 28, 9, 1263-1284 [RG] 

Hong, C-S. and Johnson, O. (2018) Mapping potential climate and development impacts of China’s Belt and Road Initiative: a participatory approach, SEI Discussion Brief

Hou, J., e.a. (2020) ‘How renewable energy reduces CO2 emissions? Decoupling and decomposition analysis for 25 countries along the Belt and Road’, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 6, 1

Huang, Y. (2019) ‘Environmental risks and opportunities for countries along the Belt and Road: Location choice of China’s investment’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 211, 14-26

Hughes, A.C., e.a. (2020) ‘Horizon Scan of the Belt and Road Initiative’, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 35, 7, 583-593.

Hughes, A. C. (2019) ‘Understanding and minimizing environmental impacts of the belt and road initiative’, Conservation Biology, 33, 4, 883– 894.  

Khan, A., e.a. (2021) ‘Impact of technological innovation, financial development and foreign direct investment on renewable energy, non-renewable energy and the environment in belt & Road Initiative countries’, Renewable Energy, 171, 479-1491.

Kouser, S., Subhan, A. and Abedullah (2020) ‘Uncovering Pakistan’s Environmental Risks and Remedies under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor’, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 274661–4663

Lashari, A.H., e.a. (2020) ‘Biodiversity conservation in China–Pakistan Economic Corridor region with strategic environmental assessment’, Environmental Science and Pollution Research 

Lechner, A.M., Chan, F.K S., and Campos-Arceiz, A. (2018) ‘Biodiversity conservation should be a core value of China’s belt and road initiative’, Nature, Ecology and Evolution, 2, 3, 408– 409. [RG] 

Lechner, A.M. e.a. (2019) ‘The Belt and Road Initiative: Environmental Impacts in Southeast Asia’, ISEAS Perspective [RG]

Lechner, A.M. (2019) ‘Making the Belt and Road Environmentally Sustainable in Southeast AsiaISEAS Perspective, 110

Li, H., Li, F.Y. and Lu, X. (2018) ‘China’s Contributions to Global Green Energy and Low-Carbon Development: Empirical Evidence under the Belt and Road Framework’, Energies,

Liu, H. and Kim, H. (2018) ‘Ecological Footprint, Foreign Direct Investment, and Gross Domestic Production: Evidence of Belt & Road Initiative Countries’, Sustainability,

Liu, X., e.a. (2019) ‘Risks of Biological Invasion on the Belt and Road’, Current Biology, 29, 3

Losos, E., Pfaff, A., Olander, L., Mason, S., & Morgan, S. (2019). Reducing environmental risks from belt and road initiative investments in transportation infrastructure  World Bank Policy Research Working Paper. 8718). 

Lu, M. (2020) ‘Corporate Environmental Responsibility: Another Road to Achieve Ecological Civilization and Green BRI’ Chinese Journal of Environmental Law

Ma, J and Zadek, S. (2021) Decarbonizing the Belt and Road: A Green Finance Roadmap

Maliszewska, M. and van der Mensbrugghe, D. (2019) The Belt and Road Initiative. Economic, Poverty and Environmental Impacts, World Bank Policy Research WP 8814

Nakano, J. (2019) ‘Greening or greenwashing the belt and road initiative?’ CSIS Newsletter 1.5.2019

Narain, D. e.a. (2021) ‘Biodiversity risks and safeguards of China’s hydropower investments in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) Countries’, Research Square Preprint

Nedopil Wang, Christoph (2021) China’s Investments in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in 2020, Green BRI Center, International Institute of Green Finance (IIGF), Beijing 

Peneluppi, J.R., e.a. (2018) ‘China’s Initiative of One Belt One Road (OBOR) Provides a Platform for Sustainable Economica Development: Redeeming Old Silk Route for New Economic Era’, NZAAR-SGER, 18-64

Qian, Y. e.a (2019) ‘Driving Factors of Agricultural Virtual Water Trade between China and the Belt and Road Countries’ Environmental Science and Technology, 53, 10

Qinli, L., e.a. (2020) ‘Imbalance and drivers of carbon emissions embodied in trade along the Belt and Road InitiativeApplied Energy, 280, 1-12

Rauf A. ‘Nexus between Industrial Growth, Energy Consumption and Environmental Deterioration: OBOR Challenges and Prospects to China,’ 2018 5th International Conference on Industrial Economics System and Industrial Security Engineering (IEIS), 2018, pp. 1-6

Rauf, A., e.a. (2020) ‘Does sustainable growth, energy consumption and environment challenges matter for Belt and Road Initiative feat? A novel empirical investigation’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 262.

Reynolds, C., Stout, T. and Wang, X. (2018) Environmental and Economic Impacts of the Belt and Road Initiative on Pakistan’s Energy Sector, MA Thesis, Duke Univ.

Saud, S., e.a.(2020) ‘The role of financial development and globalization in the environment: accounting ecological footprint indicators for selected one-belt-one-road initiative countriesJournal of Cleaner Production, 250.

Schmidt-Traub, G., e.a. (2021) ‘Integrating climate, biodiversity, and sustainable land-use strategies: innovations from China’, National Science Review, 8, 139.

Shah, A. (2016) ’Building a Sustainable Belt and Road’, Horizons, 16, 7.

Simonov, E. (2018) ‘China’s green belt and road tested at the Russian border’, China Dialogue, 31.5.2018 

Spiegel, J.E. (2020) ‘The potential climate consequences of China’s Belt and Roads Initiative’ Yale Climate Connections 17.2.2020

Sun, H., e.a. (2019) ’Trade openness and carbon emissions: Evidence from belt and road countriesSustainability

Sun. Y, e.a. (2020) ‘Low-carbon financial risk factor correlation in the belt and road PPP project’, Finance Research Letters, 35

Suocheng, D., e.a. (2017) ‘Green development modes of the belt and road’, Geography, Environment, Sustainability, 10, 1, 53– 69.  

Tan, X., e.a. (2021) ‘Bibliometric research on the development of climate change in the BRI regions’, Advances in Climate Change Research, 12, 11

Teese, P. (2018) ‘Exploring the Environmental Repercussions of China’s Belt and Road Initiative’, EESI Articles, 30

Teo, H.C., e.a. (2019) ‘Environmental Impacts of Infrastructure Development under the Belt and Road Initiative’, Environments, 6. [RG]

Teo, H.C. (2020) ‘Building a green Belt and Road: A systematic review and comparative assessment of the Chinese and English-language literature’, PLOS One, 15, 9. [RG]

Tracy, E. F., e.a. (2017) ‘China’s new Eurasian ambitions: The environmental risks of the Silk Road economic belt’,  Eurasian Geography and Economics, 58, 1, 56– 88. 

Tritto, A. (2021) ‘China’s Belt and Road Initiative: from perceptions to realities in Indonesia’s coal power sectorEnergy Strategy Reviews, 34.

Turschwell, M.P., e.a. (2020) ‘China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Conservation opportunities for threatened marine species and habitats’, Marine Policy, 112.

 VIVIDeconomics (2019) Decarbonising the Belt and Road Initiative. A Green Finance Road map

Wang, C., e.a. (2021) ‘Factors affecting changes of greenhouse gas emissions in Belt and Road countries’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 147

Wang, X. e.a. (2020) ‘Environmental governance of transportation infrastructure under Belt and Road Initiative: A unified framework’ Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 139, 189-199.

WWF (2017) The Belt and Road Initiative. WWF Recommendations and Spatial Analysis

Wu, Q. and Madni, G.R. (2021) ‘Environmental protection in selected one belt one road economies through institutional quality: Prospering transportation and industrialization’, PLOS One

Xia, Z. (2020) ‘How can the Belt and Road better protect biodiversity?’, China Dialogue, 23.10.2020

Xu, T. (2019) ‘The trade impacts of China’s Belt and Road Initiative: from resource and environmental perspectives’, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 150.

Yang, D., e.a. (2016) ‘New road for telecoupling global prosperity and ecological sustainability’, Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 2, 10, 1– 6.  

Zadek, S. (2019) ‘The critical frontier: Reducing emissions from China’s Belt and Road’, Brookings Future Development Blog, 25.4.2019

Zhia, T. (2021) ‘Environmental Challenges, Opportunities, and Policy Implications to Materialize China’s Green Belt and Road InitiativeSustainability, 13, 18.

Zhang, D. e.a. (2021) ‘Ecology and environment of the Belt and Road under global climate change: A systematic review of spatial patterns, cost efficiency, and ecological footprints’, Ecological Indicators, 131

Zhang, N., e.a. (2017) ‘Carbon footprint of China’s belt and road’, Science, 357, 6356, 1107– 1107.  

Zhang, Y, e.a. (2018) ‘Virtual water trade of agricultural products: A new perspective to explore the Belt and Road’, Science of the Total Environment, 622/623, 988-996.

Zhou, L., e.a. (2018) Moving the Green Belt and road initiative: From words to actions.  World Resources Institute.